Understanding Home Loans Eligibility: A Comprehensive Guide
Rashi Garg time 4 min
Rashi Garg time 4 min
13 Feb 2024

Understanding Home Loans Eligibility: A Comprehensive Guide

13 Feb 2024

Owning a home is a cherished dream for many Indians, and a home loan can pave the way to turn that dream into reality. But before you embark on this exciting journey, understanding your eligibility criteria for a home loan is crucial. This comprehensive guide will equip you with the knowledge to navigate the eligibility process confidently. 

I hope you find this extremely helpful. Enjoy the read!

Key Factors Affecting Home Loan Eligibility:


Your income forms the backbone of your repayment capacity. Lenders assess your income stability, considering factors like your employment type, employment vintage (number of years in your current profession), and mode of income credit (bank account/ cash/ cheque). Income profiling helps them quantify your capability to repay a loan and influence the amount you can be eligible for.

Credit Score:

This three-digit number reflects your creditworthiness. A higher score (typically above 700) indicates responsible credit behavior and improves eligibility. There are many ways to access your credit score for free online. The popular and trusted credit information agencies include TransUnion CIBIL and Experian. 


Your age determines the maximum loan tenure you can avail. Younger individuals qualify for longer tenures, allowing for lower EMIs. For most lenders, typically, your age at the time of loan maturity cannot be higher than your retirement age.

Employment Status:

Salaried individuals with stable employment generally have better eligibility than self-employed individuals whose income might fluctuate. Also, determining the true extent of a self-employed individual's income takes a lot of work. However, even within this, self-employed professionals like CAs and Doctors are usually considered lower-risk profiles than business owners. 

Existing Debts and Obligations:

High existing debts, like car loans or credit card dues, can impact your debt-to-income ratio and reduce your eligibility. While most banks consider the same debt types as obligations, some nuances may need to be explored when calculating your max loan eligibility. 

Property Value:

The eligible loan amount is usually capped at a certain percentage of the property value. This percentage varies depending on the lender and your profile. There are some strict RBI guidelines around the maximum loan amount that a borrower can get against a particular property value. This ratio is called 'LTV - Loan to value'. Please read our blog on RBI guidelines to know more!

Property Type and Usage:

The type of property you seek to purchase (apartment, villa, plot, etc.) can influence eligibility criteria due to varying risk perceptions by lenders. This decision is further layered by looking into the purpose for which the property will be used (residential, commercial, or industrial).

Additional Points to Consider:

Co-applicant: Including a co-applicant with a solid financial profile can improve your eligibility and potentially increase the loan amount.

Down Payment: A larger upfront payment reduces the loan amount required and demonstrates your financial commitment, making your application more attractive.

Government Schemes: Explore government-backed schemes for first-time homebuyers or specific demographics, which may offer relaxed eligibility criteria or subsidized interest rates.

Documents Required for Home Loan Application:

Identity and Address Proof:

  • For All: PAN card, Passport, Voter ID, Aadhaar Card (any one)
  • Additional for Self-Employed: Business registration certificate, address proof of business location

Income Proof:

  • Salaried: Latest 3 months' salary slips, Form 16, Bank statements of salary account for last 6 months
  • Self-Employed: Audited financial statements of last 2 years (Balance Sheet & P&L A/c), ITR documents of previous 3 years, GST registration, trade license (if applicable)

Property Documents:

  • Ready-to-Move Property: Sale deed, Occupancy certificate, Maintenance bills, Latest property tax receipts
  • Under-Construction Property: Agreement of sale, Approved building plan, Permission to construct, Allotment letter

Other Documents:

  • Passport size photographs
  • Duly filled and signed loan application form


The documents above form a general list most lenders accept; however, specific requirements may vary depending on the lender and your circumstances.

It's advisable to consult with a financial advisor or loan expert for personalized guidance and assistance throughout the home loan process.

By understanding your home loan eligibility, preparing the necessary documents, and taking proactive steps to improve your profile, you can confidently approach your dream of homeownership.

Schedule a free consultation with Ambak's home loan expert to discuss your eligibility and create a personalized plan!